Personality Type: An Introduction

I have always been drawn to the great commandment. I heard it read from the Book of Common Prayer every Sunday as I was growing up.

Hear what our Lord Jesus Christ saith:

“Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”[1]

I was aware of the addition of “strength” from the Gospel of Mk. 12:30. When I heard about the four functions of type theory a big “Ah ha” went off in my brain and spirit. Sensing, intuition, thinking and feeling are the ways in which we love God and others with heart, soul, mind, and strength.[2]   From that time forward, I have been interested in discovering how the truths of scripture might be understood and described by the language of personality type theory, and how the knowledge of type theory might help us understand and develop our lives of faith and our exercise of ministry.

In my search, I found there is a growing body of literature making these connections. Most works focus on the broad topic of spirituality, or more specifically, upon the life of prayer. The earliest publication I found is a pamphlet, Prayer and Different Types of People, written by Christopher Bryant, S.S.J.E.

The first book relating type theory and spirituality is, From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey, by W. Harold Grant, Magdala Thompson and Thomas E. Clarke. This work is especially helpful in understanding the development of spirituality over the course of a lifetime. The authors describe the development of different functions and how these affect our interests, abilities and focus upon one’s spiritual life. I was happy to discover that they made the same connection between the four functions and the commandment to love with heart, soul, mind and strength. “With very little distortion it is possible to correlate these four aspects [heart, soul, mind, and strength] with the four functions, and so to see the exercise of these [functions] as flowering in love.”[3]

Chester P. Michael and Marie C. Norrisey did an extensive research study into the relationship between type and prayer.   Prayer and Temperament: Different Prayer Forms For Different Personality Types, explains in helpful detail what they learned. The SJ temperament prefers carefully organized regimen of prayer that helps them strive toward a relationship with God. They are strongly attached to tradition and militantly opposed to heresy. For SJs, historical dimensions are important and they view life as a spiritual journey. They particularly enjoy celebrating the liturgical year. The SP temperament find acts of loving service to be the most effective prayer. For them, God speaks through His creation to the senses. They relate well to the incarnation of Jesus parables about everyday life. They respond to a call to service and sacrifice. The NF temperament find it essential to have a personal relationship with God. For them daily prayer and quiet time is a must. The discover transcendent meaning as a quest. The use of symbols is most important for them. They have a visionary interest in the future and are especially open to the gifts of the Holy Spirit. NT temperament uses systematic disciplines to move towards virtue. They prefer neat and orderly forms of worship. They earnestly pursue transcendent values such as truth, goodness, unity, love and life. They hunger for holiness and perfection and life is an intense search for the whole truth of God. Mystical contemplation is a favorite prayer for this temperament.

A recent work by Roy Oswald and Otto Kroeger, Personality Type and Religious Leadership, examines the use of type for helping professional clergy carry out their ministry of congregational leadership.

Terrence Duniho, in Wholeness Lies Within: 16 Natural Paths to Spirituality, has added yet another important ingredient to our understanding of type and spirituality. He encourages the use of the weaker functions and argues for balance in our personalities.

The most influential work on type theory as it relates to this dissertation is Dichotomies of the Mind: A Systems Model of the Mind and Personality, by Walter Lowen.   I shall present Lowen’s rather complex theory in a form that is both understandable and applicable to the development of personal spirituality and ministry.

As you read through this manuscript you will learn much about me and my personality type, ENFJ. By the time you finish reading, letters like this will be understandable shorthand rather than strange hieroglyphics. In part those letters mean my personality type is one that see all kinds of interconnections. I hope you will also gather useful information about yourself, find many interconnections for your spiritual life, and have some new tools for ministry.

This is a comprehensive text for pastors and layperson alike that will use personality type theory as a map to explore the territory of Christian spirituality, including a summary of biblical and contemporary understandings of spiritual gifts. I have enhanced the material with definitions of each spiritual gift that are based upon the mental capacities used when they are manifest.   I also propose a theory of progressive conversion. This process occurs in conjunction with the development of personality functions.

I will also explain in common language what I hope will be useful to all seekers whatever their belief systems the advanced type theory of Walter Lowen. Using Lowen’s material as a model, I will make connections to a variety of Christian experiences and I believe to the human experiences we all share as well. This process will explain sixteen separate areas of ministry available and how various personality types effect the performance of those ministries.. Moreover, it will indicate the levels of conscious application that each type will use to exercise these ministries.

Tools will be provided for using this material as an aid to spiritual direction. A chart will be presented to designate probable strengths for positive expression and possible negative temptations of ministry roles for each personality type.

Finally, I shall present a narrative description of each of the sixteen personality types. These narratives will give a summary of all the above information as it applies to each type.

This book rests upon several biblical principles.   Foremost is Jesus’ summary of the Law, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.   The second is like this, Love your neighbor as yourself.” Mk. 12.30-31 [4]. Paul’s ecclesiology of the body of Christ is also central to this work. It is especially important because he stresses the equality of gifts. In personality type theory no one type is better than another. Each has an important contribution to make.

The view of conversion I am proposing suggests there is a place for nearly all theological perspectives. It is our individual personality types predispose us to prefer certain theologies. It touches upon our complete Christian experience, from our view of salvation, to our preference for mission. It will especially explore the implications for Christology, ecclesiology, pneumatology, and missiology.

The chapters that discuss spiritual gifts include a survey of the contemporary debate regarding the nature and origins of the gifts. On one side is a view, held mostly by Pentecostals and Charismatics, that the gifts are purely supernatural in origin and expression. The other side, more mainline and liberal theologies, sees the gifts as biblical language for the rather ordinary differences we find in the development of our personalities.

My view is that the truth lies somewhere in the middle. Personality type theory, and especially the development of this theory by Walter Lowen, helps us understand that spiritual gifts are expressed, and may be found, in a variety of levels of conscious behavior. The most conscious expressions will appear more natural. The least conscious will appear more supernatural.

It is also the contention of this work that the contemporary practice of discerning spiritual gifts with various inventories is flawed, because they are too subjective. A community based model for the discernment of gifts will be presented. This model is based upon biblical principles of discernment: giftedness, effectiveness, receptiveness, and fruitfulness. It is offered as a balance between the subjective nature of spiritual gifts inventories and objective psychological implications of type theory.

This is a large undertaking. The biggest challenge is taking what is rather technical material from personality type theory and making it accessible to ministers. The second challenge is to expand the reader’s horizons to see other theological perspectives as not only valid, but also as interconnected.

  • 1 [1]Bible references are all NIV.
  • 1 [2] Harold Grant, Magdala Thompson, and Thomas E. Clarke, From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey (New York: Paulist Press, 1983), 186.
  • [1]The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, Book of Common Prayer: and Administration of the Sacraments and Other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church (New York: The Seabury Press, 1928), 69.
  • [3]Heart (kardia)–This word has many nuances of meaning in the Bible. It indicates the seat of physical, spiritual, and mental life. It can refer to moral decision making (2 Cor. 9:7) as well as describe emotions, wishes and desires (Rom. 1:24). Feeling–This word to denotes one of Jung’s categories of mental functioning is likewise a relatively complex and broadly defined term. As with the Biblical understanding of “heart” the feeling function is not just a matter of emotions. It is in fact a mental function. Feeling denotes a particular set of things people think about. For example, values and harmony. I would not argue that there is a one-to-one exact relationship between these two words and related concepts. Nor will I for the other three (soul, mind, and strength). However, I am convinced there is enough overlap to make a useful comparison that can help us move towards the totality of commitment implicit in the great commandment.Soul (yuch)–This word also has a variety of complex meanings in the Bible. It ranges from the simple idea of life itself (Gen. 9:4) to the idea of the soul which transcends this life (1 Pt. 1:9). It is the paradoxical inner and transcendent nature of the soul which makes it similar to intuition. Intuition is connected to remote input of smell and the sixth sense. It is also is oriented towards infinite possibilities in the future. At the same time it is a mental function that seems to operate from within. Intuitions are deep inner hunches as opposed to hands-on concrete data.Mind (dianoia)–This word is a bit more focused in its meaning.   The lexicons give three basic Biblical definitions: 1. intelligence (Eph. 4:18) 2. thought (2 Pt 3:1) 3. imagination (Num 15:39). The mental function labeled thinking is most like the first two of these definitions. It is concerned with logical abstract things.
  • Yet like the use of mind in the Bible, the Thinking function can also have some strong emotions connected to these thoughts. Thinkers may feel passionately about ideas.Strength (iscuo)–This word is translated variously as strength, power, or might. It is most often used of God or the power given by God. (Rev. 5:12, 1 Pt. 4:11, Eph. 1:19). I reason that the sensing function is most connected to the actions of the body. Certainly we need strength and power of will and emotions. Yet, it is only when we put the will and emotions into action (with strength, power, or might) that the body becomes fully involved. That involvement is also connected to the sensing functions preferences for one thing at a time in the here-and-now of the present.
  • [4]W. Harold Grant, Magdala Thompson, and Thomas E. Clarke, From Image to Likeness: A Jungian Path in the Gospel Journey (New York: Paulist Press, 1983), 186.

How to Understand People: Part One

How to understand people part 1: It’s all about simple choices.

By The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

Many people are familiar with Personality Type theory. You many even know your “type”. However, for most people the information learned went in one ear and out the other. Here you will see some simple charts that will help you to know how to understand people. To know why others, think, feel, and do what they do. You will come to understand yourself and others better. This information will make you a better person, friend, spouse, salesman etc. If you like what you see here check out the next installments of How to understand people.

I want to give credit to the late Walter Lowen a Binghamton, NY who wrote Dichotomies of the Mind. It is out of print now, was about $75 when it was in print and difficult to read. However, I believe Mr. Lowen took personality type theory a quantum leap more insightful. It has been my hope to make his complex ideas easy to understand.

It’s all about Preferences

First understand that it’s all about the simple choices we make in our lives.

Choices over which we may or may not have complete control: like being left handed or right hand. Also understand that although we have a dominant choice, we can still choose the other.

So we are all more or less left handed or right handed. Some of us are even ambi-dextrous (both right) or “ambi-sinister” (both left). That last is my idea, because that’s me: ambi-sinister.

The Map of Activity

Now familiarize yourself with the graphic of this step. All the graphics that follow will be related to this square divided into 16 colored triangles. I call it the Map of Activity.

The first simple choice we have in life has to do with what captures our attention. Again remember we can do both, but choose one more than the other. Lowen called this choice a Dichotomy and he labeled it FOCUS. Focus divides the Map of Activity from top to bottom. Given the choices, as we are all the time, do you prefer to FOCUS on PEOPLE or THINGS?

Step 4

The next step we all take in life is to decide how we APPROACH the people or things that make up our FOCUS. Do we choose to approach CONCRETE real people or things? Would we prefer to approach things and people in the abstract. For example, am I more interested in family relationships and dynamics or my brother, Nick? Do I like to study engineering or work on my car? The simple choice of APPROACH divides the Map of Activity from side to side.

Step 5

Now we see where Lowen’s theory connects to more mainstream personality type theory of Carl Jung and Briggs-Myers. It is the combination of FOCUS AND APPROACH that leads to the choices of the four FUNCTIONS of FEELING, INTUITION, SENSING, and THINKING.

 FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE

 INTUITION chooses ABSTRACET PEOPLE

 SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS

 THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Conclusion

Step 6

Let these ideas sink in and then look for the next How to understand people articles. Part 2 is The Four Functions. In it you will learn the preferences that set the functions apart and help them work together.

You will come to understand yourself in part by the words and phrases that reveal your simple choices

 

How to Understand People: The Four Functions

How to understand people part 2: The Four Functions.

The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

This is the second installment in my series of articles about personality type. This installment is about the four functions. I hope it makes a somewhat complicated subject simple to understand. If you haven’t read it already you might want to go back and read How to understand people part 1: It’s all about simple choices.

In summary, I call the colored square in the diagram to the above, The Map of Activity. It is divided top and bottom by the first choice of FOCUS between PEOPLE and THINGS. The second choice is called approach and divides the Map of Activity left and right between CONCRETE and ABSTRACT.

  • FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
  • INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
  • SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
  • THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

This article begins where part one ended. In it you will learn the preferences that set the FUNCTIONS apart and help them work together. You will come to understand yourself by the words and phrases that reveal your simple choices.

The Four Functions

The first thing to know about the 4 FUNCTIONS is that each has a preference, a choice, of INPUT, TIME, NUMBERS, and NEED. Again let me remind you that everyone can choose to deal with input, time, numbers, and need in each of these four ways. However, because of our preferred choices we do one more often and therefore with more accuracy than the other three.

Choices for Input

Now we will look at the choices for input.

SENSING gathers data through the immediate CONTANCT senses of Touch and Taste. Dominate sensing people may give notice of their preference when they say things like. “It was smooth sailing.” Or “It left a bitter taste in my mouth.”

The FEELING FUNCTION gathers data with AUDITORY input using Tone and Pitch. Dominate FEELING people might say “That sounds good to me.” Or “He grates on my nerves.”

The FUNCTION of INTUITION gets its information REMOTELY through SMELL and the “6th sense”. Dominate INTUITIVE people might say “That smells fishy to me.” Or “I just have a hunch this is the right way to go.”

The THINKING FUNCTION gathers data VISUALLY by noticing PATTERNS and EDGES. The dominate THINKING person may say “I can’t see my way clear…” or “Let me get this into better focus.” You may notice that the arrows in the diagram point to both the inner triangles and the outer triangles on the Map of Activity. This means that some of these inputs are INTROVERTED and some are EXTROVERTED. There will be further explanation of these concepts in later lessons.

Choices for Time

Next we consider each FUNCTIONS choice for time.

Dominant SENSING people are in the “here and now” For them the time is the PRESENT. Now is what matters. Yesterday is gone and tomorrow may never be here.

The FEELING function is nostalgic for the PAST. People with dominate FEELING FUNCTION long for the “good old days.”

INTUITION is for dreams of the FUTURE. The person with dominant INTUITION is the person with a vision for the FUTURE. The FUTURE is coming and when it gets here INTUITION will already have left for what is yet to come.

People with dominate THINKING love HISTORY. They like to look at the process and see how we got from there to here so that we might know how to get from here to there.

Choices Each Function has for Time

Now we look at the choices that each FUNCTION has for TIME.

Those with dominate SENSING prefer (choose) to deal with ONE thing at a time. They like to work step by step. No giant leaps thank you very much.

The FEELING FUNCTION can handle TWO things at a time. Remember that FEELING prefers to FOCUS on CONCRETE PEOPLE. So when it comes to numbers the FEELING function is counting real people. They are match makers and marriage counselors.

INTUITION is next and confuse everyone else because they prefer to deal with an INFINATE number of things. I am an off the scale intuitive and I can tell you that as I write this article I am thinking of the next 100 I can write over the next 5 years. The THINKING FUNCTION doesn’t do infinity but it can hand MANY ABSTRACT THINGS at once and so dominant thinkers are the ones who can do complex math and science theory.

When we come to talk of NEED it is good to remind ourselves that everyone has all these four needs. It is just that, like other preferences, we choose one over the others and so it affects our lives to a greater degree than the other three.

People with the dominate SENSING are like Madonna , “They just want to have fun…”

Dominate FEELING FUNCTION longs to BELONG.

People with dominate INTUITION will never be happy unless they can find MEANING in life.

Those with dominate THINKING are most interested in having a sense of CONTROL over their own destiny.

Be looking forward to the next installment of How to understand people Part 3 : OUTPUT.

It will explain how two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.

 

How to Understand People: Part 3

This is the third article in my series How to understand people. If you have not already read parts 1 & 2, you might want to do so before continuing.

Activities

Everyone uses all these activities to varying degrees. Type helps explain why one person prefers one activity over another.

Let’s take time for a quick review. The colored square in the diagram is called The Map of Activities. It is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. You recall FOCUS is the choice between preferring to first pay attention to people or things On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS.

The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. Approach is the choice between dealing with concrete or abstract things or people. For example a scientist who is interested in a theory is approaching through the abstract. A mechanic who is fixing a car with his hands is approaching through the concrete.

On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING. The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.

  • FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
  • INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
  • SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
  • THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

This chapter will explain how two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY. It will also explain the concepts of INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

Two Ways of Restoring Energy

First notice on the Map of Activities that the inside triangles are separated from the outside ones by a white square. Inside the square represents INTROVERSION. Outside the square represents EXTROVERSION. As the graphic label suggests this choice is about how we choose to find ENERGY for living.

INTROVERTED FUNCTIONS are energized from the inside out.

Introverts think internally. Ask an introvert a question and you are liable to get silence. When they do speak, they are not thinking out loud. You are getting the final results of their thinking. You can often tell extroverts from introverts by how they choose to interact in social settings. Introverts come late, leave early and are exhausted. Extroverts come early and leave late energized by the experience. Introverts need a significant quantity of quality quiet time every day. They also need time to internally process everything. So if you want to have a meaningful discussion with an introvert make an appointment for sometime in the future and give them time to think about what’s on the agenda.

EXTROVERTED FUNCTIONS are energized from the outside in.

I’m an extrovert and this is so true for me. It seems I can’t think without speaking or writing something out there in the world. I often say or think, “Hey, I don’t know it’s stupid until I hear myself say it.” Extroverts need time everyday out and about in the world with the FOCUS of choice, PEOPLE or THINGS.

Remember everyone has both INTROVERTED and EXTROVERTED FUNCTIONS. However, our choices lead us to use one or the other more often to the neglect of the other.

 

So which one is more true for you? Do parties leave you energized and ready for more or exhausted and in need of down time? Understanding these traits in yourself and others can make your more effective in your relationships and work.

Words and Hands

There are four sub activities in each of the areas on the Map of Activities. There are two each for EXTROVERTION and INTROVERSION. In subsequent articles we will look at all 16 ACTIVITIES on the map.

For now understand that WORDS are made up of ENF and INF activities; IDEAS include ENT and INT activities; HANDS include EST and IST activities; and BODY includes ESF and ISF activities. This will be explained in more detail as we go along.

Consider how these concepts are true in your life and in the lives of people you know.  Do you prefer to deal the most with words and people, abstract ideas, hands on activities or large body movements like sports. Which one of these activity feels most comfortable to you? Which one is more challenging?

Look for the next installment of How to understand people Part 4: Dealing with the world. In it we will learn how to understand the choice between gathering data and making decisions.

 

How To Understand People Part 4: Dealing With The World

How To Understand People Part 4: Dealing With The World

The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

This is now the fourth segment of articles on, How to understand people. If you have been following through the first three installments you are by now familiar with the basics of the chart I call The Map of Activity. Here is a brief review.

Map of Activities

The Map of Activities is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS. The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

 

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING.  The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.

  • FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
  • INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
  • SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
  • THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY. There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION. The former fall within the inside square of  The Map of Activity while the latter are on the outside corners.  In this article we will discuss the choice we have when dealing with the world between gathering data (called PEERCIEVING)  and making decisions (called JUDGING).

You will recall from Part 1 that all of our behavior can be traced back to the simple choices we make.  Sometimes these choices are conscious. Often times they are not. Regardless, we all have the capacity to choose. We all can choose both options. Yet, in day to day life we have our preferences; the simple choices that make up our personality.

Personality Type Preferences for Dealing with the World

When it comes to dealing with the world our choices are reduced to the simple difference between gathering data and making decisions.

We call the first, PERCIEVING. People with dominate PERCIEVING like to have their options open, go with the flow and make sure they know all there is to know. Depending on how strong this preference is the PERCIEVER may be viewed as “open to all possibilities” or as one who procrastinates.

Note the Ps on The Map of Activities. There are two in each area of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.  There are also one in each area combined with INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

The other choice for dealing with the world is making decisions which we call JUDGING.

Depending upon the strength of their preference for this choice, JUDGING people may be considered “decisive” or prone to “jump to conclusions. They feel better after a decision is made. A prime example is the character of President Jeb Bartlett on the TV series West Wing. You often hear him say “What’s next.” as he quickly moves from one subject to the next. As soon as a decision has been made, regardless of the importance of the topic at hand, he is ready to make another decision. While a person with dominant PERCIEVING may never find a decision that can’t be changed, the strong JUDGING type is liable to never know a decision he or she would like to do over.  As a strong JUDGING type I always put my keys, wallet, cell phone, glasses etc. in the same place either on my person or in their special places on the dresser and night table. On the other hand my wife who is a strong PERCIEVING type rarely puts them in the same place twice.

Now examine the Map of Activity and see both the P and the J choices for each of the activities. Note the choices for WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY. Note also that there are choices for INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION. There are also choices for each of the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING.

The 16 Types on the Map of Activities

With this graphic note that when you put all these choices together you have the four letter names of the 16 Myers-Briggs Personality Types. Each are the result of several simple choices.

 

To make netter use of this information use the this Personality Type Survey to determine your type if you don’t already know what it is.

In the following articles you will come to understand how Walter Lowen’s  theory from his book, Dichotomies of the Mind, takes typical personality theory a quantum step forward,  He showing how each of these 16 types is really only the most conscious activity choice among 7 others in descending order of consciousness, reliability, and accountability. However, we will first look at each of four areas of The Map of Activity in greater depth. The next installment will look at WORDS  OUTPUT and the activities called: VERBALIST, PERCIEVER, CRITIC, and COMPOSER. Be sure to check back for How to understand people Part 5 : WORD ACTIVITES

How to understand people Part 5 : WORD ACTIVITIES

How to understand people Part 5 : WORD ACTIVITIES

The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

This is now the fifth segment of articles on, How to understand people. If you have been following through the first four installments you are by now familiar with the basics of the chart I call The Map of Activity.  In this lesson we be taking a closer look at the top of The Map of Activities; the triangular wedge we call WORDS. Here is a brief review.

The Map of Activities is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS. The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING.  The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.

  • FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
  • INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
  • SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
  • THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY. There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION. The former fall within the inside square of  The Map of Activity while the latter are on the outside corners.  The choice we have when dealing with the world is between gathering data (called PEERCIEVING) and making decisions (called JUDGING).  At the conclusion of Part 4 we saw that the individual sections of The Map of Activity could be labeled with the 16 type names of Myers-Briggs type theory.  Walter Lowen named them Transactional Rolls. I call them ACTIVITIES.  They are the most conscious ACTIVITIES of the Myers-Briggs types. However, each type actually uses 8 of these ACTIVITIES in descending order of conscious awareness and skill. Therefore as you see in this graphic I have left out the four letter Type designation for the ACTIVITIES in order to reinforce the idea that they are used by many different Personality Types and not just the ones that we might see on the Map of Activities.  This will become clear in future articles when we take each type and show which 8 ACTIVITIES they use.

 

The Verbalist

The first WORD ACTIVITY that we will examine is called, VERBALIST.  For review let us check of the list of simple choices that have led to this ACTIVITY.

  • FOCUS = PEOPLE
  • APPROACH = CONCRETE
  • ENERGY = EXTROVERTED
  • DOMINATE FUNCTION = FEELING
  • DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

People who use the VERBALIST ACTIVITY have the ability to be articulate. They know the right thing to say and say it well. Their Pitch and Tone are right on target and when they speak they are in tune with their audience’s feedback. Depending upon how strong their preferences are they may find it difficult to relinquish the opportunity to speak to others.

Perciever

The other EXTROVERTED VEBALIST ACTIVITY is PERCIEVER. The simple choices that lead to this ACTIVITY are as follows.

  • FOCUS = PEOPLE
  • APPROACH = ABSTRACT
  • ENERGY = EXTROVERTED
  • DOMINANTE FUNCTION = INTUITION
  • DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCIEVING

People who use the PERCIEVER ACTIVITY have the uncanny ability to use their 6th sense to observe harmony and disharmony with accuracy. Actually it can often be baffling to them as well as others. Yet they “know what they know” and it helps them be successful in people oriented professions like teaching, social work, counseling and the ministry. However, it is often said of ENFP personality types that “they can do anything they want to, if they would just make up their minds.”

 Critic

Next we will look at the two INTROVERTED ACTIVITIES, beginning with the one called CRITIC.   The simple choices that lead to this ACTIVITY are as follows.

  • FOCUS = PEOPLE
  • APPROACH = ABSTRACT
  • ENERGY = INTROVERTED
  • DOMINATE FUNCTION = INTUITION
  • DEALS WITH THE WORLD WITH JUDGING

People who use the CRITIC ACTIVITY  are behaving in the opposite direction from the VERBALIST.  They have very acute, critical listening, with exacting interpretation that notes the differences in meanings of words like “lied,” “falsified,” “distorted,” “misinterpreted,” and “misunderstood”.  This ACTIVITY of CRITIC is vital to such professionals as speech therapists, voice coaches, theater critics, political analysts, interviewers, and copy editors.

Let’s me answer a question that you will ask sooner or later.

How do we decided which is the dominate function?

The answer has to do with the choice of dealing with the world between gathering data (PERCIEVING)  and making decisions (JUDGING). EXTROVERTS are “out there” so they deal with the world with their dominate FUNCTION. Thus the dominate FUNCTION for and ENFJ is FEELING .

J and P are just a simple choice between the two data gathering FUNCTIONS  of SENSING  and INTUITION and the two deciding FUNCTIONS of FEELING  and THINKING.  By contrast the dominate FUNCTION for the INFJ is INTUITION because INTROVERTS keep their  dominate function INTROVERTED and what the world sees in the  AUXILIARY function.  In the next step we look at the ACTIVITY known as CRITIC with the Personality Type label of INFJ. It’s dominate FUNCTION is FEELING because it shows the world its auxiliary function of extroverted INTUITION.

 

The last of the WORD ACTIVITIES is COMPOSER.  The simple choices that lead to this ACTIVITITY are as follows.

FOCUS = PEOPLE

Composer
  • APPROACH = CONCRETE
  • ENERGY = INTROVERTED
  • DOMINATE FUNCTION =FEELING
  • DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCIEVING

People who use the COMPOSER AVTIVITY love to write WORDS. They are known to keep journals and these days they probably write blogs. However, their COMPOSING is not limited to words. People can become their “words” as they arrange parties,  or plan weddings and vacations.  They are also good at arranging flowers and decorating homes. My wife for years worked as a nurse in an ER. She was very good at triage an activity most of her co-workers dreaded. Triage was an unusual example of her use of her composing ability. This ACTIVITY  is also sensitive to issues of human sensitivity and spirituality and so strong COMPOSERS make good psychologist and councilors.

It’s time once again to meditate and think about how these rolls apply to you and the people you know. Some will strongly reflect the picture painted here. You and others may only seem to use these ACTIVITIES from time to time. We will explain in later articles why this is true and how we use the ACTIVITIES  at different levels of conscious awareness.

Take time to think of two or three people you interact with regularly. Based on what you have learned here, what type do you think they are? How might their typology affect their actions and ways of doing things?  How might understanding that their habits may be typology related and not an attempt to make your life more difficult help you deal in more positive ways regarding any conflicts you might have with them? For instance my wife is a perceiver and an introvert.  I understand that “I’m ready” likely means she will only be doing two or three more things on the way to the door. Knowing this I can avoid being aggravated with her I just tell her its time to go 15 minutes sooner than it is!

Be looking for the next installment of How to understand people Part 6: IDEA ACTIVITIES.

 

HOW TO UNDERSTAND PEOPLE PART 6: IDEA ACTIVITIES.

How to understand people Part 6: IDEA ACTIVITIES.

The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

Welcome to the 6th installment of, How to understand people. If you have been following through the first five articles you are familiar with the basics of the chart I call The Map of Activity.  If not, you are welcome to jump in right here as I will give a brief review. However, I strongly recommend that you first go back and read the 5 preceding parts. In this lesson we be taking a closer look at the right side of The Map of Activities; the triangular wedge we call IDEAS. However, let’s begin with a brief review.

The Map of Activities is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS. The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

 

 

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING.  The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.

  • FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
  • INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
  • SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
  • THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.

There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

The choice we have when dealing with the world is between gathering data (called PEERCIEVING) and making decisions (called JUDGING).

The Map of Activity could be labeled with the 16 type names of Myers-Briggs type theory.  Walter Lowen named them Transactional Rolls. I call them ACTIVITIES.  They are the most conscious ACTIVITIES of the Myers-Briggs types.

Each type actually uses 8 of these ACTIVITIES in descending order of conscious awareness and skill. As you see in this graphic of IDEAS ACTIVITIES I have left out the four letter Type designations in order to reinforce the idea that they are used by many different Personality Types and not just the ones that we might see on the Map of Activities.

ANALYST

The first IDEA ACTIVITY that we will examine is called, ANALYST.  Let us check of the list of simple choices that have led to this ACTIVITY.

  • FOCUS = THINGS
  • APPROACH = CONCRETE
  • ENERGY = EXTROVERTED
  • DOMINATE FUNCTION = THINKING
  • DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

People who use the ANALYST ACTIVITY have the ability to take information that consists of structured data and logically process them into structured concepts.  This ACTIVITY is acted out in the professions of applied science, math, and physics. It is also helpful in medicine for diagnosis, and is also useful to lawyers.  ANALYST is the most sophisticated of all the ACTIVITIES, involving the most intricate of what Walter Lowen calls the mental capacities. (That is a topic for a much later article.)

The next IDEA ACTIVITY  for us to consider is called SUSPECTOR. It `comes from the following simple choices.

SUSPECTOR

FOCUS = PEOPLE

APPROACH = ABSTRACT

ENERGY = EXTROVERSION

DOMINATE FUNCTION = INTUITION

DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCIEVING

Those using the SUSPECTOR ACTIVITY are trying to find a strategy or logic behind a given pattern. The detective is the obvious example. He or she searches the data until a pattern of clues is discovered. Then the task becomes one of developing a strategy to link the pattern to the suspect.  The SUSPECTOR ACTIVITY formulates a plan from an observed collection of data. Think of a football coach. He scouts the opposing team to detect their weak points and then plans a strategy to defeat them.

 

Now we move on to the ACTIVITIES  found on the inside of our MAP. CONCEPTUALIZER is an ACTIVITY that involves visual information processing.  It finds structure in logic to build buildings and assemble theories. It is the end product of the following set of simple choices.

CONCEPTUALIZER

FOCUS = PEOPLE

APPROACH = ABSTRACT

ENERGY = INTROVERTION

DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

You might at first think that an architect is focused on things (a concrete building). However, the architect is usually designing to suit the interests of the people who live, work, or visit these buildings.

THEORETICIAN

The last of the IDEA ACTIVITIES is called THEORETICIAN.  People who use the THEORETICIAN ACTIVITY find the pattern in strategies. That is to say, they organize ideas. This might be in theoretical physics or on the battlefield. This ACTIVITY might be used by mathematicians or philosophers.  People with using this ACTIVITY rely on the function of THINKING to expand principles into logical consequences.

The THEORETICIAN ACTIVITY is the direct result of the following simple choices.

FOCUS = THINGS

APPROACH = ABSTRACT

ENERGY = INTROVERTION

DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCIEVING

As always, take time to reflect how these ACTIVITIES may or may not be used by you or the people you know. They may be something very conscious in your life. They may be something that you just “happen” to do now and then.  Then be looking for the next installment of How to understand people Part 7: HANDS ACTIVITIES.

How to Understand People Part 6: IDEA ACTIVITIES.

How to understand people Part 6: IDEA ACTIVITIES.
The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

Welcome to the 6th installment of, how to understand people. If you have been following through the first five articles you are familiar with the basics of the chart I call The Map of Activity. If not, you are welcome to jump in right here as I will give a brief review. However, I strongly recommend that you first go back and read the 5 preceding parts. In this lesson we be taking a closer look at the right side of The Map of Activities; the triangular wedge we call IDEAS. However, let’s begin with a brief review.

The Map of Activities is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS. The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING. The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.
• FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
• INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
• SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
• THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.

There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

The choice we have when dealing with the world is between gathering data (called PEERCIEVING) and making decisions (called JUDGING).
The Map of Activity could be labeled with the 16 type names of Myers-Briggs type theory. Walter Lowen named them Transactional Rolls. I call them ACTIVITIES. They are the most conscious ACTIVITIES of the Myers-Briggs types.

Each type actually uses 8 of these ACTIVITIES in descending order of conscious awareness and skill. As you see in this graphic of IDEAS ACTIVITIES I have left out the four letter Type designations in order to reinforce the idea that they are used by many different Personality Types and not just the ones that we might see on the Map of Activities.

ANALYST

The first IDEA ACTIVITY that we will examine is called, ANALYST. Let us check of the list of simple choices that have led to this ACTIVITY.
• FOCUS = THINGS
• APPROACH = CONCRETE
• ENERGY = EXTROVERTED
• DOMINATE FUNCTION = THINKING
• DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

People who use the ANALYST ACTIVITY have the ability to take information that consists of structured data and logically process them into structured concepts. This ACTIVITY is acted out in the professions of applied science, math, and physics. It is also helpful in medicine for diagnosis, and is also useful to lawyers. ANALYST is the most sophisticated of all the ACTIVITIES, involving the most intricate of what Walter Lowen calls the mental capacities. (That is a topic for a much later article.)

SUSPECTOR

The next IDEA ACTIVITY for us to consider is called SUSPECTOR.

It `comes from the following simple choices.
FOCUS = PEOPLE
APPROACH = ABSTRACT
ENERGY = EXTROVERSION
DOMINATE FUNCTION = INTUITION
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCIEVING

Those using the SUSPECTOR ACTIVITY are trying to find a strategy or logic behind a given pattern. The detective is the obvious example. He or she searches the data until a pattern of clues is discovered. Then the task becomes one of developing a strategy to link the pattern to the suspect. The SUSPECTOR ACTIVITY formulates a plan from an observed collection of data. Think of a football coach. He scouts the opposing team to detect their weak points and then plans a strategy to defeat them.

CONCEPTUALIZER

Now we move on to the ACTIVITIES found on the inside of our MAP. CONCEPTUALIZER is an ACTIVITY that involves visual information processing. It finds structure in logic to build buildings and assemble theories.

It is the end product of the following set of simple choices.
FOCUS = PEOPLE
APPROACH = ABSTRACT
ENERGY = INTROVERTION
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING
You might at first think that an architect is focused on things (a concrete building). However, the architect is usually designing to suit the interests of the people who live, work, or visit these buildings.

THEORETICIAN

The last of the IDEA ACTIVITIES is called THEORETICIAN. People who use the THEORETICIAN ACTIVITY find the pattern in strategies. That is to say, they organize ideas. This might be in theoretical physics or on the battlefield. This ACTIVITY might be used by mathematicians or philosophers. People with using this ACTIVITY rely on the function of THINKING to expand principles into logical consequences.

The THEORETICIAN ACTIVITY is the direct result of the following simple choices.
FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = ABSTRACT
ENERGY = INTROVERTION
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCEIVING

As always, take time to reflect how these ACTIVITIESD may or may not be used by you or the people you know. They may be something very conscious in your life. They may be something that you just “happen” to do now and then. Then be looking for the next installment of How to understand people Part 7: HANDS ACTIVITIES.

How to Understand People Part 7: HANDS ACTIVITIES

How to understand people Part 7: HANDS ACTIVITIES.
The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

Here we are on Part 7! of, How to understand people. If you have been following through the 6 five articles you must really be interested. Thank you. If this is your first article by now you know that you have jumped into the middle of something. That’s ok if you want to plow ahead, feel free. However, I strongly recommend that you first go back and read the 6 preceding parts. In this lesson we’ll be taking a closer look at the bottom of The Map of Activities; the triangular wedge we call HANDS. First let’s have the briefest of reviews.


Understanding people can be reduced to examining the simple choices we all make every day. The Map of Activities is a visual means to understand these choices and ultimately to understand the ways we and others live our lives, interact with our environment and other people.

The Map of Activity is a square divided into 16 triangles. It is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS.

The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING. The combination of the first two choices of FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.

• FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
• INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
• SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
• THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.

There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

The choice we have when dealing with the world is between gathering data (called PEERCIEVING) and making decisions (called JUDGING).

The 16 triangles in The Map of Activity represent what I call ACTIVITIES. Each one of us actually uses 8 of these ACTIVITIES in descending order of conscious awareness and skill. As you see in this graphic of HANDS ACTIVITIES (from the bottom wedge of The Map of Activities) I have left out the four letter Type designations from Myers-Briggs theory in order to reinforce the idea that they are used by many different Personality Types and not just the one that uses it most consciously.

OPERATOR


The first ACTIVITY for us to examine in the OUTPUT called HANDS is named OPERATOR.

The people who us the ACTIVITY of OPERATOR are really “hands on” people. They might use a word processor, a scalpel, or a socket wrench. In addition they might tend to treat people as objects and be real “hands on” leaders. They might be store managers, policemen, secretaries or surgeons. The OPERATOR can read the environment and act upon it. The environment might be a gang fight or a car engine.

The simple choices that lead to the ACTIVITY of OPERATOR are as follows.
FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = EXTROVERTION
DOMINANT FUNCTION = SENSING
DEAL WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

IMPLEMENTOR

An IMPLEMENTOR is someone who sorts out the routine of life. Walter Lowen (Dichotomies of the Mind) tell u that he almost called this ACTIVITIY “engineer.” The engineer use the routine he know regarding speed, stress, temperature, etc. to create a machine or build a rocket. As with other HAND ACTIVITIES the IMPLEMENTOR can also turn his talent upon more abstract things like the routine of an organization. An IMPLIMENTOR makes a good administrator who get the whole organization purring like a “well oiled machine.”


The simple choice that lead to the HANDS ACTIVITY of IMPLEMENTOR are a follows.
FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = ABSTRACT
ENERGY = EXTROVERTION
DOMINANT FUNCTION = THINKING
DEALING WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

OPERATOR

The ACTIVITY called OPERATOR is next for our consideration. People with the ORGANIZER ACTIVITY are as interested in how things are done a they are in the results. Neatness, order, and efficiency are important to them. They are the worlds great systematizers. They make good secretaries and craftsmen. They are programmers and administrators. They accept responsibility and follow through with painstaking and thorough effort. They are the “guardians of time-honored institutions.

The simple choices that lead to the HANDS ACTIVITY of ORGANIZER are as follows. FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = INTROVERTED
DOMINATE FUNCTION = SENSING
DEAL WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

MOLDER

The last HANDS ACTIVITY for our discussion is known as MOLDER. The most obvious use of this ACTIVITIY can be found among people in professions like sculpting and carpentry. However, people might use this ACTIVITY in less obvious occupations as they also are good at MOLDING facts and institution instead of clay or wood.

The simple choices that lead to the HANDS ACTIVITY are as follow.
FOCUS = THING
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = INTROVERION
DOMINATE FUNCTION = THINKING
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCEIVING

Continue to observe yourself and those around you and try to determine how their typology may be affecting their choices . If you find yourself in conflict with someone ask yourself if this may be a situation of simply not speaking the same type language. Be looking for the next article in this series, How to understand people Part 8:BODY ACTIVITIES.

How to Understand People Part 8: BODY ACTIVITIES

How to understand people Part 8: BODY ACTIVITIES
The Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Schmitt

Welcome to Part 8 of, How to understand people. Thank you for following through seven articles. If this is your first article by now you know that you have jumped into the middle of something. That’s ok if you want to plow ahead, feel free. However, I strongly recommend that you first go back and read the 7 preceding parts.

In this lesson we will be taking a closer look at the left side of The Map of Activities; the triangular wedge we call BODY ACTIVIES. First let’s have the briefest of reviews. If this is your 8th visit to the series, feel free to jump ahead.

Understanding people can be reduced to examining the simple choices we all make every day. The Map of Activities is a visual means to understand these choices and ultimately to understand the ways we and others live our lives, interact with our environment and other people.

The Map of Activity is a square divided into 16 triangles. It is divided top and bottom by the simple choice called FOCUS. On the top are PEOPLE and on the bottom are THINGS.

The diagram is divided left and right by the simple choice of APPROACH. On the left is CONCRETE and on the right is ABSTRACT.

The letters S,F,N & T stand for the four FUNCTIONS of SENSING, FEELING, INTUITION, and THINKING. The combination of the first two choices of

FOCUS and APPROACH is what makes for the choices of FUNCTIONS.
• FEELING chooses CONCRETE PEOPLE
• INTUITION chooses ABSTRACT PEOPLE
• SENSING chooses CONCRETE THINGS
• THINKING chooses ABSTRACT THINGS.

Two FUNCTIONS combine to create the activities of WORDS, IDEAS, HANDS, and BODY.

There is a choice in each activity between INTROVERSION and EXTROVERSION.

The choice we have when dealing with the world is between gathering data (called PERCEIVING)

The 16 triangles in The Map of Activity represent what I call ACTIVITIES. Each one of us actually uses 8 of these ACTIVITIES in descending order of conscious awareness and skill. As you see in this graphic of BODY ACTIVITIES (from the left wedge of The Map of Activities) I have left out the four letter Type designations from Myers-Briggs theory in order to reinforce the idea that they are used by many different Personality Types and not just the one that uses it most consciously.

CLASSIFER

The First BODY ACTIVITY is called CLASSIFIER. According to Walter simple choice between situations of control. He gives the example of a baseball player, who must decide if a pitch is in the strike zone and how to control hi body to hit the ball. Another example is the politician who is constantly choosing what action to take. Shall I vote yes or no? Shall I accept this invitation or go to that banquet? Shall I endorse this candidate or denounce that project? This explains why many athletes go into politics (Arnold Schwarzenegger) and why professional sport includes a lot of politics.

The ACTIVITY of CLASSIFIER is the result of the following simple choices.
FOCUS = PEOPLE
APPROACH =CONCRETE
ENERGY = EXTROVERTION
DOMINATE FUNCTION = FEELING
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING

INITIATOR

The next BODY ACTIVITY is called INITIATOR. People who use the INITIATOR ACTIVITY are entrepreneurs and opportunists. Lowen uses the sentence “Signal the Match.” to describe this ACTIVITY. The INITIATOR is always watching for a match. The prime example is the salesperson. “What is it about the customer that matches the product?” When the salesman get the answer, he signals the match and says, ”This is just the one for you!”

The simple choices that lead to the INITIATOR ACTIVITY are as follow.

FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = EXTROVERTION
DOMINATE FUNCTION = SENSING
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCEIVING

DOER

DOER is the name of the next BODY ACTIVITY. People with this ACTIVITY work in many professions from athlete, to dancer; from farmer to shepherd. Being INTROVERTED, DOERs are the most alert to signals from their body, which they act upon as they match them to their memories of similar signals in the past. The dancer knows what the right step feels like. The farmer recognizes with his sense when the crop is ready for harvest.

The DOER ACTIVITY is the result of the following simple choices.
FOCUS = PEOPLE
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = INTROVERTED
DOMINATE FUNCTION = FEELING
DEALS WITH THE WORLD = PERCEIVING

FOLLOWER

The last of our BODY ACTIVITIES is called FOLLOWER. People who use the FOLLOWER ACTIVITY are very service oriented. They use what Walter Lowen (Dichotomies of the Mind) calls the mental capacities of “contrast,” and “control.” For example, nurses receive many hours of training. They memorize a long list of do’s and don’t. On the job, nurses manipulate the body to act in accordance with these, clear-cut, instruction. Musicians do the same thing. Many hours of repetitive actions called practice, help them perform at the direction of the conductor’ wand.

The follow simple choices lead to the BODY ACTIVITY of FOLLOWER.
FOCUS = THINGS
APPROACH = CONCRETE
ENERGY = INTROVERSION
DOMINANT FUNCTION = SENSING
DEAL WITH THE WORLD = JUDGING.

Continue to observe yourself and those whom you know to see the BODY ACTIVITIES in use. Then be looking for the next article in this series How to understand people Part 9: Levels of Awareness.